Test accommodations are adaptations to the manner in which an exam is administered. They are intended to help ensure that the test measures what it is designed to measure without inappropriately reflecting the negative effects of a person’s disability. The purpose of test accommodations is to enable examinees to test in an accessible place and manner—not to guarantee improved performance, a passing score, test completion, or any other specific outcome.
The need for test accommodations is individualized and considered on a case-by-case basis. Regardless of diagnosis, all examinees seeking disability-related accommodations must provide evidence that their condition rises to the level of a disability, as well as information about the resulting functional limitations they experience. Simply demonstrating that an individual meets diagnostic criteria for a particular disorder does not automatically mean that the person is disabled or entitled to test accommodations.
It is also important to understand that accommodations must be appropriate to the particular setting. Extra time or a given auxiliary aid might be appropriate for a given individual in the classroom for example, but not be on a licensure exam.